El Reno Highschool

El Reno High School was established in 1893 and graduated its first class in 1896. The present building was built in two phases. The building was constructed in two phases. The west half, or El Reno High School proper, constructed in 1911, was designed by the Oklahoma City firm of Layton and Smith, Oklahoma’s premier architects and designers of the Oklahoma State Capitol as well as many public schools. The east half, originally built for junior high school classes, was designed by an unknown architect and was constructed in 1925–1926. In 2000, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places for its unique architecture. In style, the El Reno High School building incorporates many of the elements of Late Gothic Revival as applied to public buildings, also known as Collegiate Gothic, and resembles later buildings designed by Layton and Smith, such as Bizzell Memorial Library at the University of Oklahoma in Norman. The major features of this building include: flat roof with raised, shaped, and/or castellated parapet; towers with long, narrow “princess” windows; pinnacles rising from parapets or towers; and polychrome surfaces, or contrasting brick and stone work, with stone work forming copings, window and door hoods, arches, horizontal bands or water tables, and quoins. In general the two defining characteristics of the building were the decorative stonework and, before alteration, the windows. Bedford Indiana Limestone creates hood moldings that accentuate the openings and bands that emphasize the horizontal arches.